Contraception 2014 Feb 26.

Medical students' attitudes and perceptions on abortion: a cross-sectional survey among medical interns in Maharastra, India

Sjöström S, Essén B, Sydén F, Gemzell-Danielsson K and Klingberg-Allvin M

Abstract

Introduction: Although abortion care has been an established routine since decades in India, 8% of maternal mortality is attributed to unsafe abortion. Increased knowledge and improved attitudes among health care providers have a potential to reduce barriers to safe abortion care by reducing stigma and reluctance to provide abortion. Previous research has shown that medical students' attitudes can predict whether they will perform abortions. The objective of our study was to explore attitudes toward abortion among medical interns in Maharastra, India.

Study design: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 1996 medical interns in Maharastra, India. Descriptive and analytical statistics were used to interpret the study instrument.

Results: Almost one quarter of the respondents considered abortion to be morally wrong, one fifth did not find abortions for unmarried women acceptable and one quarter falsely believed that a woman needs her partner or spouse's approval to have an abortion. Most participants agreed that unsafe abortion is a serious health problem in India. A majority of the respondents rated their knowledge of sexual and reproductive health as good, but only 13% had any clinical practice in abortion care services.

Conclusion: Disallowing attitudes toward abortion and misconceptions about the legal regulations were common among the surveyed medical students. Knowledge and attitudes toward abortion among future physicians could be improved by amendments to the medical education, potentially increasing the number of future providers delivering safe and legal abortion services.

Implication paragraph: Abortion is legal in India since decades, but maternal mortality due to unsafe abortions remains high. This survey of attitudes toward abortion among medical interns in Maharastra indicates that disallowing views prevail. Improved knowledge and clinical training can increase numbers of potential abortion providers, thus limit unsafe abortion.

Comment: See Implication Paragraph above. If contraception fails or has not been used and if the woman decides that termination of the pregnancy is the necessary option for her, then health care providers should be able to help her. It is clear that future health care providers must get adequate training on safe abortion, to prevent unsafe abortions, irrespective of their own religious beliefs. (HMV)