Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J. 2015 Nov;15(4):

Effectiveness of misoprostol for induction of first-trimester miscarriages: experience at a single tertiary care centre in Oman

Ambusaidi Q and Zutshi A

Abstract

Objectives: Non-invasive methods of inducing a miscarriage are now considered an effective alternative to surgical evacuation (dilatation and curettage). This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of misoprostol in the termination of first-trimester miscarriages.

Methods: This prospective study was conducted between October 2009 and September 2010 and assessed all patients admitted to the Royal Hospital in Muscat, Oman, for the termination of first-trimester miscarriages during the study period. All patients received misoprostol and the rates of successful termination were measured. Patient satisfaction was assessed using a short questionnaire.

Results: A total of 290 women were included in the study. Termination with misoprostol was successful in 61.38% of the subjects. Of the remaining subjects requiring additional surgical evacuation (n = 112), 58.93% required evacuation due to failed termination with misoprostol and 65.18% underwent early evacuation (=24 hours since their last misoprostol dose). The majority of patients experienced no side-effects due to misoprostol (89.66%). Pain was controlled with simple analgesics in 70.00% of the subjects. A high satisfaction rate (94.83%) with the misoprostol treatment was reported.

Conclusions: Misoprostol was a well-tolerated drug which reduced the rate of surgical evacuation among the study subjects. This medication can therefore be used safely in the management of incomplete miscarriages.

Comment: Although the WHO recommendation for safe medical abortion mentions a combination of mifepristone 200 mg, orally, followed 24–48 hours later by 800 μg misoprostol vaginally or sublingually, this paper shows that, when mifepristone is not available, misoprostol can be an acceptable alternative. (HMV)