Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP)

Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) is an enzyme found in:
  • Bone
  • Liver
  • Placenta
  • Kidney
  • Intestines

Elevations found in:

  • Any traumatic injury to any of these structures. 
  • Any disease affecting one of these structures.
  • Cirrhosis (Large increase)
  • Liver metastasis (Large increase)
  • Liver abscess (Large increase)
  • Obstructed bile duct (Large increase)
  • Bone cancers (Large increase)
  • Hepatitis (Moderate increase)
  • Hepatitis (Moderate increase)
  • Pancreatitis (Moderate increase)
  • Infectious mononucleosis
  • Hyperparathyroidism

Decreased amounts found in:

  • Malnutrition
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Pernicious anemia
  • Vitamin C deficiency

Normal Values*

Men 20-70 U/L


20-150 U/L
Pregnancy 60-200 U/L

*These are general values taken from a variety of sources. The actual normal values may vary from lab to lab and from one type of testing protocol to another.




Source: Operational Medicine 2001,  Health Care in Military Settings, NAVMED P-5139, May 1, 2001, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, Department of the Navy, 2300 E Street NW, Washington, D.C., 20372-5300

Gynecology and Obstetrics CD-ROM
Volumes 1-6
2004 Edition
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Copyright 2004
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