ESR (Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate)
Operational Medicine 2001, Health
Care in Military Settings, NAVMED P-5139, May 1, 2001, Bureau
of Medicine and Surgery, Department of the Navy, 2300 E Street NW, Washington,
The ESR is the speed at which non-clotted red blood cells settle to the
bottom of a test tube.
Increased rates of RBC settling are caused by changes in the plasma
proteins. In some diseases, the ESR can be particularly rapid (high ESR).
- Inflammatory diseases
- Auto-immune diseases
- Trauma/tissue injury
- Many cancers
*These are general values taken from a variety of
sources. The actual normal values may vary from lab to lab and from one
type of testing protocol to another.