Fig. 6. Halban type cul-de-sac closure (abdominal, uterus in situ). A. Lateral view of suture attached to sigmoid, upper vagina, and lower uterine segment. B. Superior view of the cul-de-sac of Douglas. C. Lateral view of completed closure. (Nichols DH: Vaginal Surgery, p 348. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1996.)